- 1.Memory Palaces
- 2.Feynman Technique/Protein Effect(蛋白质效应)
- 3.Practice Tests
- 4.Zeigarnik Effect/Pomodoro Technique
- 5.Distributed Learning (Spaced Repetition)
1. Creating Memory Palaces
- step1. Walk through the environment you choose (like your house)
- step2. Place objects in specific places
- step3. Match the objects with things that you want to learn
2. The Protege Effect
According to a 2007 study;
- Students who taught younger students scored higher than students who only learned for themselves
- In order to be able to teach someone, you must understand the material more
- This phenomenon is known as Depth of Processing
Basically, teach other people what you want to learn
- Step 1: Write the name of a concept on the top of a blank piece of paper
- Step 2: Write down the concept as if you're teaching it to someone
- Step 3: Identify what is missing, then go back and re-learn it
- Step 4: Review everything, and simplify as much as you can
3. Studying For Exams
PART 1---Studying Effectively
Scientifically proven to be low in effectiveness
- Reading again and again?
- Highlighting your notes?
- Key word mnemonics?
Scientifically proven to be high in effectiveness
- Practice tests
- Spacing out your learning
PART 2---Studying For Exams
Things That Didn't Help
- Starting to study early
- Reading your notes before and after class
- Listening to music
Things That Did Help
- Putting in the hours
- Doing lots of practice exams
4. The Zeigarnik Effect
- You remember unfinished tasks better than tasks you complete
- When we interupt the task, it creates Task Specific Tension
- It can improve cognitive function
How to do: Work 25 mins, rest 5 mins, work 25 mins, rest 5 mins...
5. Distributed Learning
Space out your study sessions.
Scientists looked at 254 studies involving more than 14,000 people
- Students remembered more after spaced study than cramming
How to do: 1 hour on each day of a week is better than 7 hours crammed in the same day.